While there are significant differences between the NCD epidemics in countries of varying socio-economic development, there are many similarities. Lessons learned from our experiences in HIC can, and should, be applied to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
Until very recently, NCDs were in the remote background of a global health agenda dominated by infectious and maternal/neonatal ailments in lower- and middle-income countries (LMIC). And in fact, globally deaths from communicable, maternal, neonatal and nutritional causes dropped from 34% in 1990 to 25% in 2010. At the same time, however, NCDs have continued to increase and today account for almost two-thirds of deaths worldwide. Cardiovascular disease alone is the leading cause of death with 80% of those deaths occurring in LMIC.
In the world today, more people live in urban than in rural communities, more people are overweight than are underweight, and more people die from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) than from infections.